Vaping For Newbies and Others
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Advanced personal vaporizer or e-cigaretteThe maze of vaping: Atomizers versus variable mods, both very popular. Which one is right for you?


Mods can be mechanical and variable when it comes to voltage/wattage. There are three kinds of rebuidables: Genesis, bottom fed, and dripper. Most vapers prefer IMR batteries that are safer than standard rechargeable batteries.


Genesis vapes use stainless steel mesh wicks. Others use standard silica as the wick. Resistance heating coil/wire is mostly Nichrome or Kanthal. Sub-ohm has a resistance of less than 1 ohm. Since resistance affects power, power affects vape volume, temperature, and flavor.

Mechanical mods do not have circuitry and are hollow tubes with a switch. They are preferred for sub-ohm vaping. Voltage/power can be adjusted up or down with variable mods. It also contains a protective circuit against shorts. It can’t be used for sub-ohm vaping.


The 3 types of atomizers are top-fed, bottom-fed, and the dripper. Drippers are rebuildable dripping atomizers. Top-fed atomizers contain stainless steel mesh that's rolled and torched as a wick. Standard builds use silica as the wick.


Rebuildable mods have 2 core sections. The lower case portion that holds the battery is the mod. The top is the coil and rebuidable atomizer with mechanical and variable voltage and wattage.


Nichrome and Kanthal resistance wire are used in atomizers. Kanthal is more robust. Torching prior to use is recommended to burn off manufacturing residue. This type of wire is also used in heating and ventilation systems, and in small appliances like toasters, coffee pots, and irons.


As for drippers, they do not have a tank. Add a few drops of e-juice onto the coil between puffs. Drippers also have fewer problems and you can switch flavors easily.


Wrapping lengthens the wire and increases the resistance. Since resistance is power, power equals voltage square over the resistance. A battery equaling 3 volts with a resistance of 1 ohm, the power is 9 watts. Increased resistance = reduced power. Decreased resistance = increased power.


Power affects flavor, temperature and vapor volume.   You can adjust voltage up or down with variable mods. Once adjusted, it will affect the power. Or set the power to the desired wattage similar to vaping at 3.2 volts and 4.8 volts.


Variable mods have a circuit to prevent shorts. It won’t work with low resistances and cannot be used for sub-ohm vaping.


Since mechanical mods are a hollow tube and a switch without circuitry and no protection circuit, you can build what you desire and it will still fire. That's why mechanical mods are excellent for sub-ohm vaping. Sub-ohm vaping can be dangerous if you do not know what you are doing. Ask your vape store dealer.


Since IMRs are not standard rechargeable batteries, they are supposed to be safer. You can purchase button top or flat top. The number on top is the battery capacity and the lower number is the physical size of the battery.